Since its beginning, Saint-Elzéars vocation is the forestry business. In 1944, a coop was formed. Another tourist attraction is the Saint-Elzéar Cave. It is over 200,000 years old, has a variety of bones and stalactites.
Located in the central part of the MRC of Bonaventure, Saint-Elzéar covers an area of 206, 47 km and occupied by 440 inhabitants (2020).