The MRC of Bonaventure is situated in the eastern part of the province of Quebec and is part of the administrative region of the Magdelan Islands and the Gaspé coast. Situated at 850 and 600 kilometers from Montreal and Quebec respectively, the MRC of Bonaventure is only 300 km from the American border. Limited to the south by the province of New Brunswick, the MRC of Bonaventure has the MRC of Avignon to the west, the MRC of Rocher Percé to the East and finally the MRC of Haute Gaspésie to the North.
The territory of the MRC of Bonaventure spans over roughly 4 450 square kilometers, which represents about 90 Km of coast along the « Baie des Chaleurs » 94 % of the land mass is covered by forest. Also, like most other areas of the Gaspé coast the terrain of the MRC can be divided up into 3 distinct zones. One zone being an almost plane or flat type of land, the second is a hill or elevated type of land and the third zone can be described as a mountainous region.
The MRC of Bonaventure is within a medium tempered climate zone which is characterized by a cool, wet weather and harsh winters. The proximity of the sea helps temper the climate in the region throughout the year. As for the composition of the earth, the area is home to mainly limestone, but in some areas we can find clay. The forest in the surrounding area is mainly coniferous with the black pin trees being the dominate species.
Water is an important asset and holds great importance in the MRC of Bonaventure. Set aside the sea to the south, the MRC has 3 major rivers that make up its hydrographic system. They are the Bonaventure River, the Grand Cascapedia River and the small Cascapedia River. These rivers are world famous for their salmon fishing.
The population of the MRC of Bonaventure is 18 246 and this body of people only occupy 6 % of the territory, mainly situated along the coast. The towns of New Richmond, Bonaventure and Paspébiac hold just over half of the population of the MRC.
Just like most everywhere else in the province the population in the area is getting older. Also, there is a notable emigration problem where teenagers leave the region for school and not return afterwards. Moreover, the age group of 0 to 4 is notably getting lower in the area as well as everywhere else in the province.
The exploitation of the sea has long been a staple of the local economy but over time there has been a shift towards forestry and agricultural industries. Traditionally, the economy of the MRC, like the rest of the province, was based on primary sector activities but since the 1970's there has been a move towards the tertiary sector. Moreover, the mechanisation and the specialisation of the agricultural and forestry industries have negatively affected the population of the people working in the primary and secondary sectors of the market.